Vetiver oil is obtained by steam distillation of dried roots of vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides).
Vetiver can grow up to 1.5 metres high and wide. The stems are tall and the leaves are long, thin, and rather rigid; the flowers are brownish-purple. Somewhat uniquely, vetiver has deep and well-matted roots which can grow anything up 4 metres in depth.
Originating in India, vetiver is widely cultivated in the tropical regions of the world. The world's major producers include Haiti, India, Java (Indonesia), and Réunion.
Cultivated for the fragrant essential oil distilled from its roots, vetiver is deeply integrated into the western perfumery industry.
Worldwide production is estimated at about 250 tons per annum of which Indonesia contributes between 25 and 30 metric tons.
Vetiver has excellent fixative properties, making it a good woody base in perfumes, in particular men’s fragrances.
Some notable examples include Dior's Eau Sauvage, Guerlain Vetiver, Mr. Vetiver by Une Nuit a Bali, Zizan by Ormonde Jayne and Vetiver by L'Occitane.
Vetiver prices are steadily rising. Currently, there are several grades of oil in the market, distinguished mainly by the acid value variations. Lack of communication and complexity of cultivation are the biggest hurdles in the wide scale adoption of vetiver. Garut retains its position as the foremost vetiver-yielding region, even though; some cooperatives in regions in and around Java have begun to cultivate it. Prices of vetiver oil vary significantly due to differential pricing offered by exporters. We recommend that you evaluate samples prior to making a decision solely based on price. The total production volumes of vetiver are expected to remain low in the first half of 2018.
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