Petitgrain oil is produced from the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange tree (Citrus aurantium amara), a member of the Rutaceae plant family.
These evergreen trees can grow up to 6 metres in the wild, but will only grow to half this height in cultivation.
It is mainly distilled by small farmers and delivered in small quantities to local traders (collectors), who then test, batch and resell the product to export houses. Harvesting and distillation is done between the months of October and March.
The tree produces a distinctive 'double leaf', which has a small bulge at the base of the main leaf. Its fruit is used to flavour liqueurs, such as Grand Mariner and Triple sec, and its flowers provide neroli and orange blossom oils, It is also used widely in perfumery for its strong, bitter-sweet, citrusy odour with floral and woody notes.
Paraguay is the dominant producer of petitgrain oil and in recent years annual production has ranged between 180 – 200 tonnes, accounting for over 80% of global output. Almost all the oil is exported.
In 2017 the lack of stock in the pipeline during the off-season eventually led to a huge problem. The harvest season of petitgrain starts in October and runs till March. As the orders come in quicker than supply, it adds to the existing supply issue and leads to the possibility of higher prices.
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