Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
China is the world's largest producer with the concentration of production in the Yunnan Provence. It is easy to grow in this region with some farms able to harvests 4 times a year if conditions are favourable. It is estimated production levels are around 80-110 MT per annum with 20-30 MT consumed internally, the balance exported.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
Chinese geranium is rich in ‘citronellol’, accounting for just over 40% of the oil. Despite it's higher prices in today's market it is still the most sought after quality because of this fact. Other origins like Egypt contain 25% less citronellol.
Based on unconfirmed data China's geranium exports can be summarised as follows:
There has been a continuous pressure on supplies with increasing demand but output has declined more than last year, and prices continue to rise. At present, the limited carryover stock available suggests that the upward pressure could continue. The crop season starts in May and continues until September. If weather conditions improve in the growing areas, there is hope that the additional plantings could help ease the pressure on supply.
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